PROTECTION ORDER ASSISTANCE
Beacon Center staff are available to assist victims in the completion of protection order paperwork. Please call the Beacon Center with any questions. This process can be overwhelming, and we want to help in anyway.
Though appointments are not necessary, you are encouraged to call, if you can 605-886-4304
Beacon Center staff are able to assist victims of domestic violence with:
Securing an order for protection
Photographic evidence of abuse
Below are links to get the appropriate protection order forms:
You must complete the following forms:
Petitioner Information Form
Respondent Information Form
How Protection Orders Work and Best Practices
OBTAINING A PROTECTION ORDER:
The Clerk of Court’s office in each County has the forms needed to apply for a PO/Stalking PO (also available online:ujs.sd.gov)
Some shelters and or Advocacy Centers have the forms needed to apply for a PO/Stalking PO
Advocates are always willing and able to help victims apply for a PO/Stalking PO and can be contacted at any time day or night. Most counties in SD are covered by DV advocates.
AFTER THE PAPERWORK IS COMPLETED:
Return the forms to the Clerk of Courts
The Clerk of Courts will have a Judge review the petition
Judge can do one of the following three things after reviewing the forms:
1. Decline to grant a Temporary Protection Order (TPO) and not set a hearing
2. Not grant TPO but still set hearing to determine if a permanent PO should be granted (just because you do not get TPO does not mean a permanent PO will not be granted)
3. Grant TPO set hearing for permanent PO
DURING THE HEARING:
Judge will generally explain the rules prior to the hearing.
Petitioner goes first and presents their evidence by calling witnesses and giving testimony (telling the Judge why they need the Order)
The Petitioner if they testify is subject to cross-examination by the Respondent. The Judge will not allow the Respondent to badger, argue with or intimidate the Petitioner during this questioning.
The Respondent will then be given an opportunity to present evidence by witnesses or their own testimony.
The petitioner will be given opportunity to cross-examine the Respondent and/or the Respondent witness. The Judge will not allow the Petitioner to badger or argue with the Respondent during this questioning.
The Judge is free to and often does ask any party or witness questions during the hearing.
TIP: Bring a notebook with a list of reasons why you need the PO
AT THE HEARING:
The petitioner must appear at the hearing and be prepared to present evidence and witnesses telling the Judge why they need the Order.
If the Respondent fails to appear, the PO is not automatically put in place. The Judge must still ask questions and take evidence in support of the PO.
If Respondent appears, the Judge will generally ask for Respondents position on the PO
Respondent does not object, the Judge may then enter the Order. The Judge may still ask the Petitioner questions to support the granting of the order.
If Respondent opposes Order the Judge will conduct a full hearing
The Judge should rule on the Order at the conclusion of the hearing.
AFTER THE HEARING:
Judge determines how long, if at all, the PO should be granted for
If kids are involved this must be addressed by the court
It is best to have the contact between the Petitioner and Respondent regarding the kids electronically (e.g. text, email and not on the phone)
IF AN ATTORNEY IS INVOLVED:
If either party is represented by an attorney:
Hearing is handled the same
However, if an attorney is involved, they may try to work out an agreement to avoid the hearing or resolve other outstanding issues, and it is not uncommon that the Judge may grant them an opportunity to do this
At the end of the hearing, a Judge must enter Findings of Fact, which outline why the order was entered.
AFTER THE ORDER IS GRANTED:
Once a Judge enters the PO/Stalking PO and Respondent knows about the Order, the Order is in place and the Respondent must follow the Order
Upon a Judge signing the Order it should be taken to the Sheriff for service on the Respondent
THE JUDGE IS THE ONLY PERSON THAT CAN MODIFY OR DISMISS THE ORDER
Petitioner should not contact Respondent after the Order is in place
Once the Order is served, Petitioner should be notified by Law Enforcement
Any party, at any time, can ask the Judge to modify the Order
Requests to modify the order should be made in writing and filed with the Clerk
After a Judge is provided with a request to modify an Order the Judge will decide if he will have a hearing on the modification request.
It is not required that a Judge have a hearing.
BEST PRACTICE: It is best for a Judge to hold a hearing in order to gather new information, prior to deciding if the order is no longer required or should be modified to maintain the Petitioner’s safety.
The Judge will only modify the Order after a hearing on the modification request.
At modification hearing, the party asking for the modification must present evidence to the Judge in support of the modification request.
FIREARMS: BEST PRACTICE: a Judge should order “NO FIREARMS” so it can be enforced by local Law Enforcement
A Judge can order in a PO/Stalking PO that the respondent not possess any firearm
It is a federal violation for any Respondent to possess a firearm while subject to a permanent protection order
The Clerk of Courts will assign PO application to the same Judge as other civil litigation between partners (e.g. divorce, child custody)
Parties should make Judges aware of other litigation and /or proceedings
If the PO conflicts with a valid Child Custody Order the PO controls and will be enforced by law enforcement
DISMISSAL OF THE ORDER:
Any party at any time can ask the Judge to dismiss the Order
Requests to dismiss the order should be made in writing and filed with the Clerk
A form is available from Clerk of Courts
After a Judge is provided with a request to dismiss an Order the Judge will decide if he will have a hearing on the dismissal request
The Judge may require a hearing before deciding on a request to dismiss
At the dismissal request hearing the party asking for the dismissal must present evidence to the Judge in support of the dismissal request
BEST PRACTICE: It is best if a Judge holds a Hearing before entering a Dismissal to ensure victim safety
Any and all violations should be immediately reported to Law Enforcement
ALWAYS keep a copy of the Order with you
Law Enforcement in SD should enforce Orders from other states and Tribes
*Protection Order information provided by the South Dakota Network Against Family Violence and Sexual Assault. For more information, www.sdnafvsa.com.
Access to Justice
816 6th St,
Rapid City, SD 57701
East River Legal Services
335 N Main Ave, #300
Sioux Falls, SD 57104
Dakota Plains Legal Services
Sisseton Branch Office
518 2nd Ave E
Sisseton, SD 57262